goodmorningpapua.com – The Nahdlatul Ulama Regional Board (PWNU) of Papua stated that the values of togetherness and brotherhood on the Earth of Cendrawasih steadily be passed down to new generations through education.
In Papua, religion is an important part of the socio-cultural system of society which is based on the principle of Satu Tungku Tiga Batu [One Furnace Three Stones).
The phrase of “furnace” means life in the Papua region, while the phrase of “stones” means government, customs, and religion.
In addition, the phrase three stones is also commonly associated with three religions, namely Islam, Christianity, and Catholicism.
“Harmony in the Papuan government is also reflected in the terms of One Furnace Three Stones in which the three stones represent Islam, Christianity and Catholicism,” said a Chairman of PWNU for Papua, Toni Wanggai.
The such was stated by Toni in a webinar entitled Religions Education and the challenge of harmony In papua-Indonesia and cape-town-south Africa: A comparison on Wednesday (18/8/2021).
Toni said, the division of power was carried out on this basis with the Governor of Papua embracing Christianity, the Deputy Governor being a Muslim and the Regional Secretary of Papua adhering Catholicism or vice versa.
“This cultural approach is continuallypassed down through various fields, especially education,” said the member of the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP).
As stated by him, Islam has existed in Papua since the 15th century through interaction with the Tidore Kingdom.
Then in the 16th century Islamic kingdoms located in Raja Ampat were established.
The relationship between Islam and Christianity in Papua is very harmonious which has been going on since 200 years ago, where the Sultan of Tidore escorted Christian missionaries from Germany Otto and Greisler in Papua in 1855.
“Then, there was a cultural approach taken by missionaries through a customary approach, including translating the Bible into local languages, resulting in Christianity growing faster,” he said.
Meanwhile, an anthropologist Ikhsan Tanggok said tolerance and harmony between religions in Papua occurs in everyday life and educational institutions such as schools and universities.
There are three Islamic educational institutions that have an important role in creating harmony and tolerance in Papua, namely Nahdlatul Ulama, Muhammadiyah and Yapis.
“Papua has a tradition that is very close with tolerance, one of which is Bakar Batu (Burning Stone). The tradition of burning stones has a deep meaning, namely as an expression of gratitude to God and a symbol of strong solidarity. Burning stones can also be used as a medium of peace between conflicting groups,” said Ikhsan.
For him, the people of Fakfak, West Papua, have a philosophy introduced by their ancestors, namely One Furnace Three Stones.
The stove or furnace is a symbol of life, while the three stones are phrases of you, me and him of different religions, ethnicities, social status in one place of brotherhood.
Another symbol of harmony is the Patimburak Mosque, in Patimburak Village, Fakfak, West Papua. Patimburak Mosque was built by King Pertuanan Wertuar in 1870.