Health Development in Papua and West Papua Gets Improving –  of Health Budi Gunadi Sadikin said that the achievements of health development in the special autonomous regions of Papua and West Papua have improved, but are still hampered by old problems in the health sector.

He said that since 2002 – 2020 the development of the human development index (HDI) has increased over the last two decades, compared to other provinces that are on par with Papua and compared to the national average. In Papua, the HDI in 2020 reached 60.4 from 60.1 in 2002, while in West Papua it was recorded at 65.1.

Likewise, life expectancy (AHH) is an indicator of health not only nationally but also regionally. In Papua, the AHH reached 65.8 in 2020 from 65.2 in 2002. While in West Papua it was 66.1.

Meanwhile, maternal and infant mortality rates have transformed significantly in the provinces of Papua and West Papua when viewed based on the targets of the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN).

 “Although indeed for the SDG’s target there is still a fairly large gap that we must pursue until 2030. But the trend of maternal and infant mortality is relatively good,” said the Minister of Health in a working meeting of the Special Autonomy Special Committee for Papua with the DPR.

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The problem of malnutrition in Papua and West Papua is 3.10 percent and 2.80 percent in 2020, above the national average of 1.2 percent.

However, he admits there are still old problems that have worried him for years, such as the spread of infectious diseases. The regions of Papua and West Papua have become centers of infectious diseases, particularly HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria. For example, malaria in Papua reached 72,198 in 2001, rose sharply to 216,841 in 2020 and as many as 9,823 in West Papua.

This is intensified by the lack of primary services such as Puskesmas in 160 sub-districts in Papua and West Papua, even though the ratio of Puskesmas in both regions is above the national average.

“We want to accelerate in 2 years all sub-districts in Indonesia have primary services,” he said.

In addition, Papua also still lacks the number of doctors with only a ratio of 0.3 per 1,000 population. In fact, on the average in Asia it needs one doctor per 1,000 population.

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