Ararem, A Dowry Payment Tradition of Biak Tribe of Papua

goodmorningpapua.com – The tradition of delivering the dowry (Ararem) from a prospective husband to the family of a prospective wife has been inherited from generation to generation from the indigenous peoples of the Biak tribe, which is the cultural legacy of indigenous Papuans still existing today amid the advancement of the modern technological era.

Delivering the dowry from the family of the husband candidate as something very sacred must be given to the family of a woman who will officially hold the status of a wife in the keret / clan family ties.

The Biak indigenous people having lived hundreds of years ago, remains to maintain the tradition of paying the dowry of the male family to the family of the prospective wife as part of the cultural wealth of the Indonesian Archipelago.

The marriage bond at the traditional tribe of Biak will be marked by paying the symbols of the dowry of the husband’s family which is very binding in the traditional life of the Biak tribe.

The traditional procession of paying a dowry to a woman’s family is a form of honour and dignity for the family of the prospective groom to be able to bring his wife to live in a household in order to continue the legacy of the ana to a certain clan / keret family.

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The chairman of the Biak Tradition Council, Mananwir Gerard Kafiar, acknowledged that the customary tradition for male families by paying dowry to women’s families is the legacy of the ancestors of the indigenous peoples of the Biak people.

He mentioned in the cultural tradition of the indigenous people of the Biak tribe when delivering the dowry from the groom’s family to the prospective wife by bringing a variety of antique traditional plates, jars, various foodstuff needs and household equipment to giving money.

Uniquely, the payment of the husband’s family’s dowry is carried out by the traditional process of the big family of keret with the Wor dance procession and carrying the Red and White flag to the wife’s family house.

When paying the dowry from the husband’s family to the woman’s family, according to Gerard, the groom’s family comes to the house of woman’s family to submit over various properties and traditional plates and money expecting that the family after getting married will become a successor of the family legacy.

He gave an example of the customary tradition when a male family pays a dowry for the wife, the female family will welcome the family of the prospective husband at the residence by presenting a variety of foods and drinks in the nuances of the Biak tribe, such as areca nut, betel, taro, sago and food and side dishes. .

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Gerard Kafiar hopes that with the payment of the customary dowry of the husband’s family, it is expected that the two families who will unite to do household life will become a strong family bond holding the tradition in doing life together.

Meanwhile, an observer of Biak education and culture, Wenand Rumbarar, said the traditional custom of paying dowry from male families to women’s families is the marriage bond of the indigenous people of Biak as a reflection of part of the indigenous cultural treasure of the Papuan people.

Wenand admitted that no matter how great the technological advances and modernization that are developing today, the tradition of delivering the dowry for the indigenous people of Biak remains to be done because it has been a hereditary tradition preserved by Papuans.

He said, delivering the dowry by bringing various types of traditional plates, jars, and money was not to humiliate the dignity of the woman’s family as the recipient, but it was the husband’s obligation to unite himself into one bond of marriage family.

The delivering of the dowry from the male family, in his view, is a gambling on the name of a certain keret / clan family in front of the woman’s family which is legally binding.

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According to Wenand, the indigenous people of Biak who live in various countries have great respect for the customs of the traditional culture inherited from their parents when they would like to marry a prospective wife from Papua. Meanwhile, the tribe of Biak itself is one of hundreds of tribes of indigenous peoples from 29 districts / cities at Papua Province.

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